Interactive Summaries

Chapter 2A: Spotlight on Complementary and Alternative Nutrition: Functional Foods and Dietary Supplements

Alternative Nutrition

Alternative nutrition practices include diets to prevent and treat diseases not shown to be diet-related. An example of an alternative nutrition practice is . The is based on whole-grain cereals and vegetables, a small amount of fish, and no fruit. Proponents say this diet is a cure for a variety of illnesses, most notably cancer. Opponents say it can't meet the nutritional needs of cancer patients. The includes pancreatic enzyme supplements. It is basically a vegetarian diet but does sometimes allow red meat.

Multiple vitamin/mineral supplements should contain at least 20 vitamins and minerals, each no more than of its Daily Value and the minimum for most supplements should be .

Megadoses taken without recommendation or prescription can be problematic. Megadosing with can cause nerve damage. Megadoses can also interfere with medications and treatments. Some people who take antiseizure medications may need supplements but this may cause breakthrough seizures.

Dietary Supplements in the Marketplace

The is responsible for ensuring that advertisements and commercials are truthful and do not mislead. In pursuing companies that skirt the regulations, this agency gives priority to cases that put people's health and safety at serious risk, or that affect sick and vulnerable consumers. Under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act the has primary responsibility for regulating labeling and content of dietary supplements. This agency has approved the following claim for supplements . Dietary supplements . On supplement labels a nutrient-support claim .

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