Interactive Summaries

Chapter 2: Nutrition Guidelines and Assessment

Linking Nutrients, Foods, and Health

The USDA and released some of the first general goals relating to nutrient intake and diet composition. The promote food and lifestyle choices that reduce the risk for chronic disease and promote the basic principles of balance, variety and moderation. Dietary standards are recommendations that tell us how much of each nutrient we need in our diets. The were originally developed for military purposes and are set at a level which generally meets the needs of almost all individuals. New dietary standards, the focus on optimal rather than adequate nutrition. Well before World War II, were used in nutrition education to illustrate the proper combination of foods in a healthful diet. The USDA introduced the Food Guide Pyramid . Another diet planning tool, the provides a guide for foods based on consistent levels of energy and carbohydrates. A third diet planning tool, the Food Label provides a statement of identity, net contents, manufacturer information, a list of ingredients and nutrition information which assists consumers when making decisions at the grocery store. Information pertaining to is located at the top of the Nutrition Facts label. Daily Values are listed on the food label and are based on the . These standards are used to compare the amount of a nutrient (or other component) in a serving of food to the amount recommended for daily consumption. Food labels contain various descriptive terms approved by the NLEA and FDA. For a label to read ‘calorie free’ it must contain less than .

Nutritional Assessment: Determining Nutritional Health

Nutritional health involves obtaining all of the nutrients in amounts needed to support body processes. If someone has poor health due to inadequate intake of nutrients over time, this is referred to as . Consuming too much food can be detrimental as well. Overnutrition is the chronic consumption of more than is necessary for good health and can lead to chronic diseases. Measurement of nutritional status is done through nutrition assessment. Height and weight along with skinfold measurements are examples of . The most comprehenisve form of dietary intake data collection is . The simplest form of dietary intake data collection is the . With this assessment it is important to ask probing questions rather than leading questions. When a registered dietitian or physician performs a clinical observation they may look at a person's .

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