Interactive Summaries

Chapter 19: World View of Nutrition: The Faces of Global Malnutrition

Malnutrition in the United States

Paul, Sandy, and their two children have had hard times lately. Both Paul and Sandy lost their jobs in the past the year. They had a hard time finding new jobs and were forced to take high pay cuts in order to keep working. They have exhausted any back up funds they had saved and now slip into debt further from paycheck to paycheck. More of their budget now goes to and less goes toward . This family is not alone in the United States. Almost people lived in a household where at least one person was hungry in 1998. In 1995 the U.S. Census Bureau began tracking hunger with an annual . This survey a strong association with poverty and an interaction of economic and social factors. To be considered in poverty as a four member family, Paul and Sandy's joint income must be under ; however, they are considered part of the working poor and are therefore eligible for benefits under the .

Malnutriton: Its Nature, Its Victims, and Its Eradication

Lack of protein and energy can have devastating consequences. In kwashiorkor, a type of PEM, the body suffers from . PEM typically develops in children after . Xeropthalmia is the result of vitamin A deficiency and accounts for 250,000-500,000 incidents of in children around the world. This problem may be combated with a new form of rice plants created by scientists that is rich in . diets are often monotonous and high in starch and cereal grains, which may bind to the limited amount of the deficient nutrient, preventing its absorption.

A nation's social and economic development can be slowed by , which cause impairment in intellectual ability. In regions of Africa their diets worsen this type of deficiency. The result can be dwarfism. The deficiency is most frequently seen among people who live far from . Selenium deficiency is quite rare but can be seen in regional patterns in . This deficiency can cause a disease that destroys , known as Keshan disease.


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