Practice Quizzes

Chapter 16: Life Cycle: Maternal and Infant Nutrition

1: Which is an important component of nutrition assessment during the preconception period?
evaluation of a woman's vitamin status
measurement of weight
obtaining information about substance use such as alcohol and tobacco
all of the above
2: A preterm delivery is one that occurs before the _____ week of gestation.
3: _____ is an example of a neural tube defect in infants.
Sickle cell anemia
Cystic fibrosis
Spina bifida
Cleft palate
4: Megadoses of _____ are teratogenic.
folic acid
vitamin A
vitamin B6
5: If a pregnant woman needs to increase the amount of vitamin A in her body, she should consume foods that contain
6: The longest period of pregnancy is the _____ stage.
none of the above.
7: Regardless of a woman’s preconception weight, the minimum amount of weight gain that is recommended during pregnancy is _____ pounds.
10 lbs
13 lbs
15 lbs
20 lbs
8: What is the best advice for losing excess weight during the childbearing years?
Attempt to lose the weight before getting pregnant.
Lose no more than 1 pound a month during pregnancy.
Maintain the pre-pregnancy weight throughout pregnancy.
Gain no more than 1 pound a month during pregnancy.
9: A pregnant woman’s RDA for protein is _____ grams per day per kilogram of body weight.
10: Which pregnant woman benefits the most from taking vitamin B12 and calcium supplements?
a vegan
a woman who is older than 35 years
an obese woman
a woman whose last child was born 2 years ago
11: Which woman has the greatest risk of iron deficiency during pregnancy?
22-year-old college student who is pregnant for the first time
30-year-old Black woman who has a Ph.D. in biochemistry and a four-year old child
32-year-old Hispanic woman who has 5 other children
none of the above
12: According to recent studies, pregnant women who combine excess caffeine consumption with smoking increase their risk of giving birth to infants with
cystic fibrosis.
low birth weight.
13: Women who smoke tobacco or marijuana during pregnancy have an increased risk of
excessive weight gain.
Crohn's disease.
morning sickness.
14: Preeclampsia is a condition characterized by
hypertension, edema, and proteinuria.
heartburn, constipation, and nausea.
fatigue, a red swollen tongue, and weight loss.
diabetes, pica, and vomiting.
15: A breastfeeding woman should consume _____ of water each time she nurses her baby.
½ cup
1 cup
2 cups
3 cups
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