Practice Quizzes

Chapter 15: Diet and Health

1: Which of the following is an overarching goal of ‘Healthy People 2020’?
improve the nutritional intake of all Americans.
promote quality of life, healthy development, and healthy behaviors across all life stages
reduce the incidence of infectious and chronic diseases
motivate Americans to take responsibility for their health
2: Which of the following causes the highest rate of death in the United States and Canada
cardiovascular disease.
lung cancer.
diabetes.
accidents.
3: Which of the following factors or conditions is involved in the development of atherosclerosis?
cigarette smoking
diabetes
high blood pressure
all of the above
4: Which risk factor for atherosclerosis is largely under a person’s control?
age
family history of early heart disease
diabetes
none of the above
5: The latest guidelines from the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) recommend
treating high cholesterol less aggressively in people with diabetes.
having cholesterol levels tested every five years for people over the age of 20.
defining low HDL as being less than 60 mg/dL.
all of the above
6: An LDL cholesterol level of 95 mg/dL is most accurately classified as
below normal
optimal
near optimal/above optimal
borderline high/high
7: Cancer develops in a multistage process that can take many years. There are typically three phases of development which are
protection, initiation, and longation
promotion, progression, and longation
initiation, promotion, and progression
initiation, metastasis and progression
8: Which of the following statements is true?
Consuming 25 grams of soy protein daily lowers HDL cholesterol levels.
Supplements of vitamin E, C, and beta-carotene are beneficial for people with high risk of CVD.
Diets rich in fruits and vegetables are recommended to reduce the risk of CVD.
all of the above
9: Which of the following is considered a normal blood pressure reading?
72/120
118/75
132/148
125/90
10: Which of the following population groups have a higher than average risk of hypertension?
Japanese
Americans with African ancestry
Italians
Greenland Eskimos
11: _____ is the second leading cause of death in the United States and Canada.
Stroke
Cancer
HIV infection
Diabetes
12: An estimated _____ million Americans have diabetes mellitus.
about 10 million
15 million
25.8 million
35 million
13: Which of the following conditions is not a classic sign or symptom of diabetes mellitus?
polyphagia
polydipsia
polycythemia
polyuria
14: Gestational diabetes occurs more often in _____ women.
small-boned
German-American
Hispanic-American
athletic
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