Practice Quizzes

Chapter 1: Food Choices: Nutrients and Nourishment

1: All of the following are major factors in determining what we eat EXCEPT the _____ of food.
smell
taste
shape
texture
2: Children who have negative associations with certain foods are unlikely to choose those foods as adults.
TRUE
FALSE
3: Circumstances in which a person lives, works, and play,s and that promote the overconsumption of calories and discourages physical activity and calorie expenditure
economic environment
obesogenic environment
lifestyle environment
cultural influences
4: In many cultures food has symbolic meaning related to all of the following EXCEPT
health.
social status.
economic benefits.
family traditions.
5: The social-ecological model can be used to think about how your current food and physical activity choices afect your calorie balance and
risk for chronic disease
body shape and weight
food preferences
cultural influences
6: Most nutrient deficiencies
were eliminated in the United States with the introduction of antibiotics.
are diagnosed shortly after consuming foods with limited nutritional value.
cause a specific change in health after a period of time.
result from a lack of energy in the diet.
7: Macronutrients are
needed in relatively large amounts by the body.
inorganic and essential.
better absorbed if taken with less acidic foods.
known to cause deficiency disease in most people.
8: Phytochemicals are
usually found in all types of food.
a group of vitamins that participate in metabolic reactions.
all the micronutrients listed in the DRI.
substances in plants that may reduce the risk of some chronic diseases.
9: Which of the following substances supplies energy?
generic vitamins
organic vitamin and mineral supplements
protein powders
mineral supplements that contain iron and zinc
10: How many grams of protein are in a product that supplies 160 kilocalories from protein?
20g
30g
35g
40g
11: A study of the relationship between the diets of Native Americans in the southwestern states and a high incidence of diabetes would be an example of _____ study.
an effectual
a nominal
an epidemiological
a controlled case
12: A clinical trial used as the study design should contain all of the following EXCEPT
random assignment to groups.
the experimental group receiving both the placebo and the treatment.
use of placebos.
blinding of subjects and researchers.
13: One advantage of a double-blind study is that the
cost is less than other types of studies.
results are less apt to reflect the researcher’s desired outcome.
subjects feel that they are treated more fairly.
subjects are more likely to complete the study.
14: What nutrients must be in the diet for normal body functions?
Essential
Special
Enriched
Whole
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