Practice Quizzes

Chapter 8: Energy Balance and Weight Management: Finding Your Equilibrium

1: Leptin is produced in fat cells. It ______.
suppresses appetite and increases energy expenditure
increases appetite and reduces energy expenditure
increases appetite and increases energy expenditure
suppresses appetite and reduces energy expenditure
2: Energy output is the use of calories or energy for basic body functions.
TRUE
FALSE
3: _____ determines the interval between meals.
hunger
satiety
food intake
food available
4: Underwater weighing is not considered an accurate method of assessing body fatness.
TRUE
FALSE
5: Underweight is generally defined as having a BMI less than ____ kg/m2.
18.5
20.5
25
30
6: Which lipid levels are likely to be abnormally low when a person is obese?
low-density lipoproteins
total cholesterol
triglycerides
high-density lipoproteins
7: The sum of all energy expended is the
total energy expenditure.
complete energy expenditure.
average energy expenditure.
basal metabolic rate.
8: Which of the following are three health risks of being overweight?
hypertension, diabetes, narcolepsy
cancer, gout, rheumatoid arthritis
heart disease, gallbladder disease, diabetes
stroke, osteoporosis, sleep apnea
9: When you consume more calories than you expend, you have a situation of
energy output
energy equilibrium
negative energy balance
positive energy balance
10: The excess storage of fat located primarily in the abdominal area is
gynoid obesity
android obesity
hyperplasia
hypercellular obesity
11: Appetite is the psychological urge to eat and often has no relation to hunger
TRUE
FALSE
12: _____ represents the length of time that satiation lasts and generally tells you when you are ready to eat again.
hunger
satiety
appetite
GI sensations
13: The energy associated with activities other than exercise, such as fidgeting, maintenance of posture, and similar contributors to energy expenditure is
Resting Energy Expenditure
nonexercise activity thermogenesis
resting energy expenditure
Total energy expenditure
14: Body mass index (BMI) correlates reasonably well with
body fatness
health risk
total cholesterol level
answers A and B are both correct
15: The ABC model of behavior stands for
altered eating, behavior, consequences.
antecedents, behavior, consequences.
antecedents, body composition, consequences.
antecedents, behavior, careful planning
16: A hormone produced by the stomach that stimulates feeding by increasing release of neuropeptide Y is
ghrelin
leptin
lipoprotein lipase
insulin
17: The passage of food through the mouth may satisfy hunger, even if the food never reaches the stomach.
TRUE
FALSE
18: The minimum energy needed to maintain basic physiological functions such as heartbeat, muscle function, and respiration is
total energy expenditure
resting metabolic rate
resting energy expenditure
lean body mass
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