Practice Quizzes

Chapter 5: Carbohydrates: Simple Sugars and Complex Chains

1: The glycemic index measures the effect of a food on blood glucose levels
TRUE
FALSE
2: Cellulose is an insoluble fiber.
TRUE
FALSE
3: This type of dietary fiber gives fruit its body and helps it keep it shape.
mucilages
cellulose
pectin
hemicellulose
4: Pectins are dietary fibers that are found in skeletal muscle.
TRUE
FALSE
5: The disaccharide that seldom is found in foods, but occurs when starches are broken down is
lactose
maltose
galactose
fructose
6: Short carbohydrate chains that contain 3 to 10 sugar molecules
polysaccharides
monosaccharides
oligosaccharides
maltose
7: Although brain cells prefer glucose as their main source of energy, they can adapt to use ketone bodies.
TRUE
FALSE
8: People suffering from phenylketonuria should not take the artificial sweetener
sucralose.
aspartame.
saccharin.
D-tagatose.
9: If people have diabetes mellitus, their bodies either do not produce enough _____, or do not use it properly.
sucralose.
antioxidants
saccharin.
insulin
10: Nutritive sweeteners include monosaccharides, disaccharides, and sugar alcohols.
TRUE
FALSE
11: Adult Americans should consume about ___ percent of their energy intake as carbohydrate.
20
35
50
75
12: Milk and milk products are rich in _____, a simple carbohydrate
lactose
lactase
resistant starches
sugar alcohols
13: The ______ of a kernel is the part that grows into a new plant.
endosperm
germ
bran
husk
14: Lignins are digestible
TRUE
FALSE
15: The body’‘s preferred fuel source is ____________.
ketones
glucagon
glucose
insulin
16: Maltose is a
glucose-glucose disaccharide
glucose-galactose disachharide
lactose-glucose-galactose trisachharide
lactose-glucose disaccharide
17: Starch is the major storage form of carbohydrate in plants
TRUE
FALSE
18: Nondigestable carbohydrates and lignins that are intact and intrinsic in plants
Dietary fiber
Functional Fiber
Total Fiber
celllulose
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