Practice Quizzes

Chapter 3: Complementary Nutrition: Functional Foods and Dietary Supplements

1: Consuming whole grains may reduce risk of some types of cancer.
TRUE
FALSE
2: Intake of ______ may reduce risk of some types of cancer.
citrus fruits
berries
flax
all of the above
3: Grapes and red wine contain phytochemicals that appear to reduce the risk of ______
heart disease
cancer
gout
rheumatoid arthritis
4: The _____ is an NIH organization established to stimulate, develop and support objective scientific research on complementary and alternative medicine.
AMC
CCG
ARC
NCCAM
5: Which of the following statements about supplement labels is true?
A good indicator of quality is the USP(Pharmacopeia) mark.
Labels can exclude all herbal ingredients.
The NIH regulates all dietary supplement labeling.
Supplement labels cannot have structure/function claims.
6: If their access to sunlight is restricted, infants may need supplemental vitamin D
TRUE
FALSE
7: Megadoses are doses of a nutrient ____ or more times the recommended amount
two
five
twenty
ten
8: Taking supplemental calcium prior to and during pregnancy can reduce the incidence of birth defects
TRUE
FALSE
9: Which organization is responsible for approving a new food additive before it can be put on the market?
GDP
GRAS
FDA
USPP
10: Direct additives are best defined as
substances that are added to food for a special purpose.
substances that become part of the food in trace amounts.
substances that modify estrogen metabolism.
substances that modify the way hormones affect the body.
11: High doses of supplemental minerals can interfere with abosorption of other minerals
TRUE
FALSE
12: Substances added to foods to perform various functions, such as color or flavor
supplements
additives
functional foods
nutraceuticals
13: What is/are the benefit(s) of phytochemicals?
they neutralize free radicals.
they modify the way hormones affect the body
some are able to modify estrogen metabolism
all of the above
14: Dietary supplements and their ingredients are NOT considered food additives
TRUE
FALSE
15: Dietary supplements are neither foods nor drugs, and the government regulates their manufacture and sale differently than it does for foods, additives, and drugs
TRUE
FALSE
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