Practice Quizzes

Chapter 12: Life Cycle: Maternal and Infant Nutrition

1: It is crucial to avoid getting too much vitamin A during pregnancy.
TRUE
FALSE
2: Pregnant women should avoid eating large amounts of fruit and vegetables rich in beta-carotene during pregnancy.
TRUE
FALSE
3: The embryonic stage of pregnancy lasts from
2 days after implantation to 8 weeks.
2 weeks after conception to 8 weeks.
2 days after fertilization to 8 weeks.
8 weeks after implantation to birth.
4: What supplement should a pregnant woman take to avoid spina bifida in her baby?
calcium
iron
folic acid
vitamin A
5: The energy RDA for breastfeeding women is 340 kilocalories per day higher than the RDA for non-pregnant, non-lactating women.
TRUE
FALSE
6: For most minerals, recommended intakes are ____ during pregnancy.
lower
higher
the same
none of the above; there is no recommended intake level for minerals.
7: Which hormone stimulates the release of milk from the breast?
HCG
progesterone
prolactin
oxytocin
8: Woman who are vegans and breastfeed should take which supplement?
iron
vitamin B12
folic acid
zinc
9: Maintenance, rather than improvement, of fitness should be the goal during pregnancy.
TRUE
FALSE
10: Dietary fats provide vital fuel for the mother and for the development of placental tissues.
TRUE
FALSE
11: A preterm delivery occurs before
the 25th week of gestation.
the 28th week of gestation
the 35th week of gestation.
the 37th week of gestation.
12: For women of normal weight, the recommended weight gain during pregnancy is ____.
15-25 pounds
25 to 35 pounds
30-35 pounds
35-40 pounds
13: Which is not a maternal physiological change during pregnancy?
fat stores increase to provide energy for late pregnancy and lactation
gastrointestinal motility speeds up to get more nutrients to the fetus
blood volume expands by nearly 50 percent
breast tissues prepare for lactation
14: Which of the following is not a benefit of breastfeeding for the mother?
it is a reliable form of birth control
it is inexpensive
breastfeeding stimulates uterine contractions which helps the uterus return to normal size
possible savings in health care costs for the infant
15: Obese women are at a greater risk of delivering a low-birth-weight baby.
TRUE
FALSE
16: What is the thick yellow fluid secreted by the breast during pregnancy and the first days after delivery?
let-down reflex
prolactin
transitional milk
colostrum
17: With the exception of alcohol, no foods are completely off limits to pregnant women.
TRUE
FALSE
18: Low-birth-weight infants weigh less than
6lb
7lb
6.5lb
5.5lb
19: Gestational diabetes is a condition in which abnormal glucose tolerance exists only during pregnancy and resolves after delivery.
TRUE
FALSE
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